The Millers of Mammoth Cave
Guest blog by Karen Logsdon Phillips
From an old family Bible there is written the following names of the Miller family along with dates and that they were all born in Balla Kelly Parish, Derry, Ireland.
Archibald – 1785-1842
Robert – 1773-1835
David – 1776 no death date
Mary – 1780-1844
William – 1783-1812
James – 1769-1847
Martha – 1787 no death date
We know from writings that Robert and William were all in the Glasgow, KY area by 1805. They were involved in a few business there in Glasgow. Other sources say that Archibald was brought to the area from Pennsylvania by Charles Wilkins to oversee the salt peter operations at Mammoth Cave and was there by around 1810. Archibald has even been mentioned as one of the very first guides in Mammoth Cave, along with his sister Mary. At this point, the slaves would have been making salt peter and not guiding. As the production of salt peter declined and finally stopped, the idea of showing the cave was formed and more guides were needed.
Archibald stayed on as manager of the estate which included the cave and hotel and spent the rest of his life serving at Mammoth Cave. At some point, he married Nancy (maiden name unknown) and they had children who were born in the hotel there where he worked. William Scott Miller was born 1815 and died 1899. Archibald, Jr. was born 1817 and died 1849. Jane was born 1818 and died 1884. Eliza May was born 1820 and died 1881. Margaret was born 1822 and died 1824. Joseph and Mary Elizabeth (twins) were born 1824 and Joseph died in 1846 and Mary Elizabeth lived until 1918, Matilda was born 1826 and died 1863.
Most of this family worked at Mammoth Cave at one job or another. Archie Jr was made Post Master and William Scott Miller was Manager of the estate for a few years. The majority of this family stayed in the area and is buried within the Park boundaries. Mary Elizabeth Miller married a local man William Morris Cox and they had two children who stayed in the area. The daughter Elizabeth Cox married I. S. Hunt who came into the county around 1840 and their family and descendants carried on the tradition of working at the cave. Their boys Schuyler, William Morris, Joseph and Charlie Hunt all worked at the cave at some point. Their children married into the Lee, Logsdon, Holton, Estes, McDaniels, Sell, and Morrison families that followed the tradition of working at the cave. At one point there were four generations of tis family working together at the cave.
from a display at the South Central Kentucky Cultural Center, Glasgow, KY
1986. Mullin, Marsha A. 1986. Mammoth Cave Saltpeter Works Recording Project, Historic American Engineering Record, HAER No. KY-18. 38 pp. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pnp/habshaer/ky/ky0200/ky0272/data/ky0272data.pdf
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6605907 This is the wall around Archibald, Nancy (his wife), Joseph and Eliza Miller graves at the Holton Cemetery in Mammoth Cave National Park a few years back. The wall has fallen down and is in need of repair. Added by: Justakitten, 1/23/2013